Industrial microbiology: Introduction to Sterilization/ Disinfection. Fermentation. Pharmaceutical products produced by fermentation process (Penicillins, Cepalosporins, Gentamycin, Erythromycin, Tetracyclines, Rifamycin, Griseofulvin).
Immunology: Introduction, Types of Immunity: Specific and non-specific (Cellular basis of Immune response. Immunity, autoimmunity, tolerance. Antigen. Anti-bodies). Antigen — Anti-body reactions and their clinical and diagnostic applications. Hypersensitivity and allergy. Drug allergy mechanism. Vaccination: Introduction and aims. Types of Vaccines. Current vaccine practices.
Factory and hospital hygiene and good manufact-uring practice:
Introduction, Control of Microbial contamination during manufacture, Mnaufacture of Sterile products, A Guide to Current Good Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Practices.
Introduction to diseases: Dengue fever, Bird flu, SARS, or other prevailing diseases of bacteria and virus.