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Autonomic Pharmacology Effects of drugs having therapeutic potential and potential for adverse side effects within the autonomic nervous system and organs controlled by this system. Comparison with drugs having therapeutic potential.

Course Description

  1. Review the anatomical organization of the ANS.
  2. Define the neurotransmitters at the autonomic ganglia and the target organs.
  3. Define the receptors at the autonomic ganglia and the target organs.
  4. Compare/contrast the physiological responses of end organs produced by activation of the parasympathetic (i.e. acetylcholine) and sympathetic (i.e. norepinephrine) nervous systems.
  5. Compare & contrast the opposing actions of the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems.
  6. Discuss predominant tone and the regulation of doubly-innervated organs


About Riphah Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Riphah Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (RIPS) is functioning under the umbrella of Riphah International University - a chartered “W” Category University by the Federal Government and recognized by the Higher Education Commission. The Institute has already been inspected for affiliation by the Pakistan Pharmacy Council. The institute is housed in a purpose-built dedicated campus. RIPS has 14 Labs, 5 Lecture Halls an auditorium and Conference room. All the laboratories are fully equipped with the latest equipment for conducting practicals as well as doing research work. The Labs, Lecture Halls and Seminar Library, auditorium and Conference room are all Air conditioned while the Lecture Halls are fully equipped with Multi media system/overhead projector and sound system. RIPS has a strong Faculty of 30 highly qualified and experienced academicians including 5 Ph.D’s. besides 8 visiting faculty members. Rips has two libraries, the Main library and the Seminar library which maintains a Book Bank providing text books to all the students

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Muhammad Arif Raza
Information Services Department
Riphah International University
G-7/4, Islamabad

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