Atomic, molecular, and optical physics (AMO) is the study of matter-matter and light-matter interactions; at the scale of one or a few atoms and energy scales around several electron volts. :1356. The three areas are closely interrelated.

- The concept of the atom.
- Historical development.
- Experimental and theoretical proofs for the existence of atoms.
- Dalton’s law of constant proportions.
- The law of Gay-Lussac and the definition of the mole.
- Experimental methods for the determination of Avogadro’s constant.
- The importance of kinetic gas theory for the concept of atoms.
- Can one see atoms?
- Brownian motion.
- Cloud chamber.
- Microscopes with atomic resolution.
- The size of atoms.
- The size of atoms in the Van Der Waals equation.
- Atomic size estimation from transport Coefficients.
- atomic volumes from x-ray diffraction.
- Comparison of the different methods.
- The electric structure of atoms.
- Cathode rays and kanalstrahlen.
- Measurement of the elementary charge
*e.* - How to produce free electrons.
- Generation of free ions.
- The mass of the electron.
- How neutral is the atom.
- Electron and ion optics.
- Refraction of electron beams.
- Electron optics in axially symmetric fields.
- Electrostatic electron lenses.
- Magnetic lenses.
- Applications of electron and ion optics.
- Atomic masses and mass spectrometers.
- Thomson’s parabola spectrograph.
- Velocity-independent focusing.
- Focusing of ions with different angles of incidence.
- Mass spectrometer with double focusing.
- Time-of-flight mass spectrometer.
- Quadrupole mass spectrometer.
- Ion-cyclotron-resonance spectrometer.
- Isotopes.
- The structure of atoms.
- Integral and differential cross sections.
- Basic concepts of classical scattering.
- Determination of the charge distribution within the atom from scattering experiments.
- Thomson’s atomic model.
- The Rutherford atomic model.
- Rutherford’s scattering formulas.
- Development of quantum physics.
- Experimental hints to the particle character of electromagnetic radiation.
- Blackbody radiation.
- Planck’s radiation law.
- Wien’s Law, Stefan–Boltzmann’s radiation law.
- Photoelectric effect.
- Compton effect.
- Properties of photons.
- Photons in gravitational fields.
- Wave and particle aspects of light.
- Wave properties of particles.
- De Broglie wavelength and electron diffraction.
- Diffraction and interference of atoms.

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- by National Research Council Staff

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309594561 - by Chen, L.T.

Publisher: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 9781608765515 - by Rau, A.R.P.

Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers

ISBN: 9780306478208 - by Sinha, Chandana

Bhattacharyya, Shibshankar

Publisher: WSPC

ISBN: 9789812772510 - by Committee on AMO 2010

National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309663090 - by National Research Council Staff

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309566834 - by National Research Council Staff

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309503204 - by Letokhov, Vladilen

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191523717 - by Dinh, Phuong Mai. Reinhard, Paul-Gerhard

Suraud, Eric

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527681884 - by National Research Council, Physics Survey Overview Committee

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309513357

- Bragg reflection and the neutron spectrometer.
- Neutron and atom interferometers.
- Application of particle waves.
- Matter waves and wave functions.
- Wave packets.
- The statistical interpretation of wave functions.
- Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.
- Dispersion of the wave packet.
- Uncertainty relation for energy and time.
- The quantum structure of atoms.
- Atomic spectra.
- Bohr’s atomic model.
- The stability of atoms.
- Franck–Hertz experiment.
- What are the differences between classical and quantum physics?
- Classical particle paths versus probability densities in quantum physics.
- Interference phenomena with light waves and matter waves.
- The effect of the measuring process.
- The importance of quantum physics for our concept of nature.
- Basic concepts of quantum mechanics.
- The Schrödinger equation.
- Some examples, The free particle.
- Potential barrier.
- Tunnel effect.
- Particle in a potential box.
- Harmonic oscillator.
- Two-and three-dimensional problems.
- Particle in a two-dimensional box.
- Particle in a spherically symmetric potential.
- Expectation values and operators.
- Operators and Eigen values.
- Angular momentum in quantum mechanics.
- The hydrogen atom.
- Schrödinger equation for one-electron systems.
- Separation of the center of mass and relative motion.
- Solution of the radial equation.
- Quantum Numbers and wave functions of the H atom.
- Spatial distributions and expectation values of the electron in different quantum states.
- The normal Zeeman effect.
- Comparison of Schrödinger theory with experimental results.
- Relativistic correction of energy terms.
- The Stern–Gerlach experiment.
- Electron Spin.
- Einstein–De Haas Effect.
- Spin-orbit coupling and fine structure.
- Anomalous Zeeman Effect.
- Hyperfine structure.
- Basic considerations.
- Fermi-contact interaction.
- Magnetic dipole-dipole interaction.
- Zeeman Effect of hyperfine structure levels.
- Complete description of the Hydrogen atom.
- Total wave function and quantum numbers.
- Term assignment and level scheme.
- Lamb shift.
- Correspondence principle.
- The electron model and its problems.