Materials science: Course Outline (PHY622)
Course Outline (PHY622)
- Classification of Materials: Classification of Materials: Metals, Ceramics, polymers, Composites and Semiconductors; Basic Structure, Properties and Uses of these Materials.
- Structure of Crystalline Materials: Crystal Structure of Metallic and Semiconductor Elements; Cubic, Face-centered cubic (FCC), Body-centered cubic (BCC) and Diamond cubic structures; Crystals Structures of Ceramics: Rock Salt, Cesium Chloride, Zinc Blend (Sphalerite), Fluorite and Perovskite Structures, Fullerenes and Carbon Nano-tube Structure.
- Synthesis and Preparation of Materials: Gas to solid synthesis and preparation, which include Vapor deposition, CVD, and sputtering, Liquid to Solid synthesis and preparation which include, crystal growth from melt, Liquid quenching, crystallization from solutions, sol-gel method, and Ion exchange and Intercalation, Solid to solid synthesis and preparation which include, solid state reactions, High Pressure synthesis and preparation, Glass ceramics.
- Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams: Gibbs Phase Rule; Free Energy and Equilibrium, Free Energy-Composition Diagram, Binary Phase Diagrams: Complete Solid Solution, Eutectic and Eutectoid, Peritectic and Peritectiod, The Lever Rule; Micro structural Development during Slow Cooling.
- Phase Transformations: Nucleation and Growth; Phase transformations in multi-component systems, Liquid-Solid transformation, Solid-solid transformation, Diffusion and diffusion-less transformations.
- Electrical Materials: Electrical Conductivity, Semi conductivity and Superconductivity, Ionic Conduction in Ceramics and Polymers, Dielectric and Piezoelectric Materials, Ferro electric Ceramics.
7.Magnetic Materials: Diamagnetism and Para magnetism, Ferromagnetism, Anti-ferromagnetism and Ferrimagnetism, The influence of temperature on Magnetic behavior, Domains and Hysteresis, Soft and Hard Metallic Magnets, Superconducting Magnets, Low-Conductivity, Ceramics Magnets, Superconducting Ceramics Magnets; Magnetic Storage.
8.Optical and Thermal Properties: Refractive Index and Dispersion, Opacity and Translucency, Absorption and Color, Photonics Systems and Materials, Thermal Expansion and Conductivity, Thermal Stresses and Shock Resistance.