These Research Guides are designed by librarians to assist students studying at the Riphah International University. Use the tabs along the top edge of this box to locate various resources. You can use this research guide to help you with class assignments. The 'Getting Started' tab gives an overview of the steps you can take when researching an assignment in the Riphah International University Library. The following tabs cover the resources in more detail. If you run into obstacles, please don't hesitate to contact the Information Advisor.
In mathematics, a semigroup is an algebraic structure consisting of a set together with an associative binary operation. The binary operation of a semigroup is most often denoted multiplicatively: x. · y, or simply xy, denotes the result of applying thesemigroup operation to the ordered pair (x, y).