Skip to main content

Spectral Graph Theory: References and references resources

In mathematics, spectral graph theory is the study of the properties of a graph in relationship to the characteristic polynomial, eigenvalues, and eigenvectors of matrices associated with the graph, such as its adjacency matrix or Laplacian matrix.

References

Reference is a relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object. The first object in this relation is said to refer to the second object. The second object, the one to which the first object refers, is called the referent of the first object. When you write any paper, assignment, you are required to refer to the work of other authors. Each time you do so, it is necessary to identify their work by making reference to it— both in the text of your assignment and in a list at the end of your assignment. This practice of acknowledging authors is known as referencing.  References must be provided whenever you use someone else’s opinions, theories, data or organization of material. You need to reference information from books, articles, videos, computers, other print or electronic sources, and personal communications. 

Popular Referencing Styles

  • APA: (American Psychological Association) used for Education, Psychology, and Sciences
  • Chicago/Turabian:  used for Business, History, and the Fine Arts
  • Harvard: Author-Date referencing style
  • MLA: (Modern Language Association) is used for the Humanities
  • Vancouver: (Numbered Referencing Style) used for Medicine

Ask Help

Reference Services provides reference and research assistance to students, faculty, and staff of Riphah International University. In-person assistance is available at the Query Desk of  Libraries. Librarians are also available through email on libonline ([email protected]) Individuals who want one-on-one research assistance should contact the subject specialist in their area. 

Related Book