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History and Perspectives in Psychology: Course Outlines (APSY-1104)

This subject familiarize the students with history and foundations of Psychology and also to familiarize them with different perspectives in Psychology.

Course Objective

The main objective of this course is to provide students a comprehensive understanding of theoretical basis of human behavior i.e. basic concepts and application of major perspectives: Psychodynamic, Behavioristic, Cognitive, Humanistic, Existential, Gestalt and Islamic.

Course Contents

Schools of Psychology
a. Brief history of Psychology
b. Structuralism
c. Functionalism
d. Greek contribution

Introduction to Perspectives
a. Major assumptions, major contributors and basic concepts
Biological Perspective
a. Heredity
b. Genes and chromosomes
c. Endocrine glands

Psychodynamic Perspective
a. Classical psychoanalysis
b. Neo-Freudians
Behavioristic Perspective
a. Classical conditioning
b. Operant conditioning
c. Social learning

Cognitive Perspective
a. Cognitive perspective by Aron Beck
b. Cognitive perspective by Albert Ellis
c. Cognitive perspective of appraisal and coping
d. Cognitive behavioral model
Humanistic Perspective
a. Abraham Maslow
b. Carl Rogers
Existential Perspective
a. Thomas Szaz
b. Victor Frankel

Gestalt Perspective
a. Fritz Perls
Socio-Cultural Perspective
Islamic Perspective in the light of teachings of Quran & Sunnah
a. Ibn e Sina, Al-Ghazali, Ashraf AliThanvi


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