Skip to Main Content

Introduction to Biology: Course Outlines (BIO-1203)

Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms. Modern biology is a vast and eclectic field composed of many specialized disciplines that study the structure, function, growth, distribution, evolution, or other features

Course Objective

The course will focus on Biological foundation of Psychology. The students will learn about basic and general concepts of biology as a prerequisite of Physiological Psychology. The content will cover the similarities of Biology and Psychology to better understand the Biological explanation of Human Behavior such as Cell Division, Genetics and Chromosomal Abnormality, Hormonal System and manifestation of Abnormalities, Role of Enzymes and Immune System etc.

Recommended Books

Course Contents

Basics of General Science
a) Biology as a science
b) Themes in study of life
c) The cellular basis of life
d) Heritable information
e) The correlation between structure and function
f) The interaction of organisms with their environment
g) Unity in diversity
h) Evolution: the core theme
i) Scientific process: the hypothetico-deductive method

Anatomy of the Cell
a) Basic Structure of Animal and Plant Cell
b) Functions of the organelles of the Cell
c) Types of human body cells: Skin cells, blood cells, tissues, organs
Cell Division
a) Mitosis – Basic concepts
b) Stages of Mitotic division
c) Meiotic Division – Basic concepts
d) Stages of Meiosis
e) Similarities and Differences of Mitosis and Meosis
f) Control and Cell Division Cycle
g) Cancer: Abnormality in Mitotic division

Structure and Function of DNA/RNA
a) Structure of DNA
b) Basic Concepts: Nucleotides, Sugar Phosphate
c) Function of DNA: DNA Replication, Protein Synthesis,
d) RNA a source of Protein Synthesis
e) Types of RNA: MRNA, TRNA, RRNA.
f) RNA Functions: Storage of Genetic Information, Transfer to Ribosomes, Transcription and Translation of Message for Protein Synthesis
g) Genetic Code: Sequence Reading Frames, Start/Stop Codon
h) Mutation of DNA and RNA: Effect of Mutation on Immune system, Tumors and Cancers etc.
a) Basic Concepts: Gene, Alleles, Chromosomes-Autosomes, Sex Chromosomes, Homozygous and Heterozygous
b) Dominant and Recessive

c) Alteration of Chromosome Structure: Deletion, Duplication, Inversion and Translocation
d) Chromosomal Disorders: Down Syndrome, Trisomy 18, Trisomy13
e) Sex Chromosome disorders: Fragile X Syndrome, Turner Syndrome, Klinefelter Syndrome, XYY, Triple XXX, Genetic Imprinting
Genetics and Inheritance
a) Behavior Genetics: Basic Definition
b) Genotype and Environmental Interaction
c) Study Methods in Behavior Genetics: Adoption Studies, Genetic Mapping; linkage and association studies.
d) Genetics of Psychological Characteristics /Disorders: IQ and Personality Development, Schizophrenia, Mood Disorders, Anxiety etc.

Course outcome

The students will be able to understand the basic Biological Processes and the role of Genetics in determining various Abnormalities.

Related books