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Basic Chemical Pathology: Course Outline

course code: RLT610

chemical pathology

Chemical Pathology is a branch of Pathology which deals with the study of biochemical mechanisms of the body related to disease. Body fluids such as blood or urine are used for screening, diagnosis, prognosis and management through chemical and biochemical tests. 

Chemical pathology is the study of chemical and biochemical mechanisms of the body in relation to disease, mostly through the analysis of body fluids such as blood or urine. In many diseases there are significant changes in the chemical composition of body fluids such as the raised blood enzymes due to their release from heart muscles after a heart attack, or a raised blood sugar in diabetes mellitus due to lack of insulin.

Tests are designed to detect these changes qualitatively or quantitatively compared to results from healthy people.

Course content

Pathophysiology of the following

  • Electrolytes 
  • Acid Base Disorders 
  • Diabetes Mellitus and Hypoglycaemia 
  • Lipids and lipoprotein 
  • Liver Function Tests 
  • Gastric and intestinal functions 
  • Renal Function Tests 
  • Uric acid and Gout 
  • Biochemical cardiac markers 
  • Iron Disorders 
  • Disorders of Bones


  • Use of photometers and Ion selective equipment. 
  • Blood analytical procedures will be performed for Glucose, Urea. Creatinine, Phosphates, iron, plasma protein, Calcium, Cholesterol, Triglycerides and Electrolyte