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Clinical Optometry & Examination: Course Outline

Course code: BSCE614

Learning Objective

To develop primary optometric examination skills from foundations in clinical Optometry. The routine examination will be developed in preparation for work carried out in final year open clinics. The course will cover the general optometric practice and refractive management of the patients suffering from different types if refractive errors. The students will learn the examination techniques and approach to diagnose a visual problem.

Course content

1. Eye examination History & symptoms

2. Methods of examinations

3. External examination

4. Approach & diagnosis

5. Internal eye examination

6. Retinoscopy in astigmatism

7. Retinoscopy

8. Direct Ophthalmoscopy

9. Dynamic retinoscopy variation of dynamic retinoscopy

10. Subjective refraction, Principal and methods – fogging technique

11. Jacksons crossed cylinder, Monocular refractive end points + 1 blur

12. Duochrome tests, Binocular equalizing method

13. Binocular subjective refraction, Near subjective refraction

14. Convergence and anomalies of convergence


optometry, health-care profession concerned with examining the eyes for defects of vision and diagnosing and treating such conditions. 

Optometrists examine the eyes and other parts of the visual system. They also diagnose and treat visual problems and manage diseases, injuries, and other disorders of the eyes. They prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses as needed

Reference Book

Course content

15. Accommodation and anomalies of accommodation

16. Accommodation and presbyopia, Confortable near vision

17. The amplitude of accommodation, Effect of age

18. Crossed cylinder test of accommodation

19. Determination of presbyopic addition

20. Kinetic and static perimetry

21. Optics and uses

22. Indirect Ophthalmoscopy

23. Optics and uses

24. Visual field and visual field tests

25. Photo documentation

26. Methods of ocular photography- anterior eye and fundus

27. Case Studies