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Geometrical Optics: Course Outline

Optometry (BSGO613)

Learning Objective

To give a solid theoretical underpinning of geometrical and physical optics. In terms of geometrical optics, the course spans the full range of refractive devices from simple thin lenses to reduced (Gauss) systems, and is taught in terms of unifying vergence equations. A similar approach is taken with reflecting surfaces. In the physical optics session, the wave and particulate theories of the nature of light are used to explain a variety of physical phenomena. In the final lectures of the course, the optical principles discussed earlier in the course are used to underpin an overview of several modern medical imaging technologies that are relevant to optometric practice in the 21st Century.

Course content

1. Reflection: Plane, spherical and parabolic mirror

2. Refraction: Refractive index, Refraction at plane and spherical surfaces

3. Spherical aberration

4. Vergence and surface power, reduced vergence and reduced thickness

5. Coaxial system of spherical surfaces

6. Critical angle, total internal reflection, fiber optics,

7. Prisms deviation dispersion and spectra

8. Magnification

9. Cylinder, sphere and Toric surfaces

10. Back and front vertex power

11. Eye as camera

12. Optical characters of the eye