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Ophthalmic Pharmacology: Course Outline (BSOP613)

Learning Objective

The Course will extend the range of clinical and academic material presented in first- and second-year Clinical Optometry Courses by providing the basic and pharmacology and pharmaceutics for the application of diagnostic and over-the-counter ophthalmic drugs in general clinical optometric practice. The material will provide a basis for understanding the therapeutic use of drugs in the treatment of external eye pathology and glaucoma. Relevant aspects of the law governing the sale and supply of ophthalmic drugs will be included together with aspects of ocular adverse reactions to systemic and ophthalmic medication. The Course will provide the clinical science principles of drug formulation and delivery and the relevance of these to the use of diagnostic drugs in final year clinical work. The Course will complement concurrent final year Courses that incorporate aspects of the treatment of external eye pathology and the treatment of glaucoma.

Course Outline

1. Introduction to ophthalmic pharmacology
2. Passages of ophthalmic drugs
3. Cycloplegics & mydriatics (mechanism of action)
4. Uses of cycloplegics & mydriatics, side effects
5. Antibiotics (introduction)
6. Antibiotics (types & uses)
7. Antiviral (types & uses)
8. Antifungal (types & uses)
9. Topical anesthetics, anti-allergic
10. Anti-glaucoma drugs

11. Steroids
12. Anti-inflammatory drugs
13. Adverse reactions and Side Effects – Anti Biotic Drugs
14. Adverse reactions and Side Effects – Anti Glaucoma Drugs, Beta Blockers
15. Adverse Reactions of other Ophthalmic Drugs
16. Diagnostic Stains: Fluorescein, Rose Bengal

Reference Books

other Books