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Sports Injuries and rehabilitation: Course Outline SPTSR-773

Course description

This course is designed for the specialist to discuss how to conduct a physical therapy interview and analyze the information to identify pertinent problems, Reliability & Validity of the tests, Investigative Procedures, Field Tests. It also involve musculoskeletal screening, assessment of upper and lower limbs, and spinal assessment. Wheel chair fundamentals skills.

Course Objectives

 To introduce the students about the concept and process of differential diagnosis in sports physical therapy.

 To enhance the knowledge and skills of the students for interpretation and understanding of the Examination, Reliability & Validity of the tests, Investigative Procedures, Field Tests.

 To enhance the knowledge and skills of the students for differential diagnosis and the scope of sports Physical therapy practice.

Course Content

Unit – I Rehabilitation and Therapeutic Exercises
1. Define Rehabilitation, Goals and Objectives of Rehabilitation in Sports, Clinical
Evaluation phases of rehabilitation. (multidisciplinary approach)

2. Prehabiiltation
3. Definition, details of effects and uses of therapeutic exercises.

a. Dynamic Exercises
b. Plyometric Exercises
c. Isokinetic Exercises
d. Kinetic chain exercises
Unit – II Mobilization and Strengthening Techniques
1. Factors affecting the joint range of motion prevention of stiffness, methods of joint

a. Testing for tightness and contracture of soft-tissue structures.

b. Techniques of mobilizing the various joints of the body.
2. Types of Muscle Contractions and Muscle work, Strength of Muscle Contraction in
terms of Motor units, Group action of muscles and its implication in designing an
exercise program.
a. Causes of muscle weakness. Prevention of disuse atrophy, Principles of
treatment to increase muscle strength and function.
b. Techniques of strengthening with respect to regional consideration.
c. Various methods of progressive resisted exercise.
3. Health club & fitness: Concept, group therapy
Unit – III Neuromuscular Training
1. Neuromuscular control, methods for improving neuromuscular control, proprioception
and kinesthetic sensation following different sport injuries.
2. Principles and application of neuromuscular facilitation techniques including PNF in

Unit – IV Massage
Historical development. Definition and classification of massage techniques, Physiological
effects of massage, Description of the techniques of the classical massage. Connective
tissue massage and myofascial release, physiological basis of sports massage and various
categories, underwater massage, mechanical devices of massage, therapeutic applications
and contraindications of massage.
Unit – V Heat Therapy
1. Production, Physiological effects, indications, contraindications and specific
uses in sports of the following:
2. Infrared rays, Parafine Wax Bath, Steam Bath, Sauna Bath, Moist Heat Pack,

Fluidotherapy, Mud Bath and Pelloids.
Unit – VI Hydrotherapy
History & Introduction .Physiological Effects &Techniques.Use of Hydrotherapy in Sports. Various Types of baths.

Course Contents

Unit – VII Electrotherapy
1. Principles underlying the application of following modalities with reference to their
production, biophysical and therapeutic effects, indications and contraindications. Clinical
Implication and the technique of application with specific uses in Sports Physiotherapy
a. Low Frequency Current:-Direct Current, Modified Direct Current, Alternative Current,
Diadynamic Current, Iontophoresis
b. TENS, High Voltage, Pulsed Galvanic Stimulation.
c. Medium Frequency Current:- IFT, Russian Currents.
d. High Frequency Currents:- SWD, MWD, Ultrasound, Pulsed Electromagnetic Energy.
e. Radiations: LASER, UVR
2. Electro diagnosis and its implications to Sports Physiotherapy.
Unit – VIII Functional Bandages and Orthotic Aids & Protective Equipment in Sports
History and uses of functional bandages, classification according to the time of application,
types of bandages, Bandaging techniques and bandaging material, Indications,
contraindications, Taping Techniques , athletic shoes and modifications, common orthotic
aid and protective equipments in Sports.
Unit – IX Cryotherapy
Physiological effects, Use of cold therapy in acute phase, rehabilitative phase, preventive
phase of athletic injury, Methods of application, Indications and contraindications.
Unit – X Manual Therapy
Introduction to Manual therapy techniques, Traction ,Neural mobilization, Trigger point
therapy and Muscle energy techniques.
Unit – XI Clinical Reasoning and decision making
Clinical reasoning and clinical decision making - nature and context
Reasoning, Expertise and Knowledge
Clinical reasoning and clinical decision-making approaches

Teaching and learning clinical reasoning
1. Importance of assessment & evaluation, Methods of evaluation – Interview, Clinical
Examination, Reliability & Validity of the tests, Investigative Procedures, Field Tests.
2. Evaluation of Physical Fitness:
3. Musculoskeletal screening
4. Assessment of lower limb complex: Pelvis, hip, thigh, knee, leg, ankle and foot
5. Assessment of upper limb complex: Shoulder girdle, shoulder, arm, elbow, forearm, wrist
and hand.
6. Assessment of spinal column: Cervical, thoracic and lumboscaral, Tests of neural
7. Assessment of Gait deviations.
8. Basic Wheelchair skills
a. Assessment and Training.
b. Fundamentals of wheelchair Sports.
9. First Aid, Emergency medical skills and on field Management.
 BLS and CPR
 Splinting
 Safe transfer
 Communication with other Health care professionals

10. EMG evaluation, diagnostic and kinesiological
11. Taping, Wrapping,Bracing, and Padding

 Introduction
 Tapes
 Wraps
 Braces
 Pads

12.Taping, Wrapping,Bracing, and Padding for upper limb
13.Taping, Wrapping,Bracing, and Padding for lower limb