Biostatistics are the development and application of statistical methods to a wide range of topics in biology. It encompasses the design of biological experiments, the collection and analysis of data from those experiments and the interpretation of the re

At the end of the course the student should be able to understand:

**STATISTICS**

Define Statistics, Population, sample Descriptive and inferential Statistics, Observations,

Data, Discrete and continuous variables, Errors of measurement, Significant digits,

Rounding of a Number, Collection of primary and secondary data, Sources, Editing of

Data. Exercises.

**PRESENTATION OF DATA**

Introduction, basic principles of classification and Tabulation, Constructing of a frequency

distribution, Relative and Cumulative frequency distribution, Diagrams, Graphs and their

Construction, Bar charts, Pie chart, Histogram, Frequency polygon and Frequency curve,

Cumulative Frequency Polygon or Ogive, Historigram, Ogive for Discrete Variable. Types

of frequency curves. Exercises.

**MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY**

Explain Different types of Averages, Quantiles, The Mode, Empirical Relation between

Mean, Median and mode, Relative Merits and Demerits of various Averages. Properties of

Good Average, Box and Whisker Plot, Stem and Leaf Display, definition of outliers and

their detection. Exercises.

**MEASURES OF DISPERSION**

Describe Absolute and relative measures, Range, The semi-Inter-quartile Range, The Mean

Deviation, The Variance and standard deviation, Change of origin and scale, Interpretation

of the standard Deviation, Coefficient of variation, Properties of variance and standard

Deviation, Standardized variables, Moments and Moments ratios. Exercises.

**PROBABILITY AND PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS**

Define Discrete And Continuous Distributions: Binomial, Poisson And Normal

**Distribution. Exercises.**

**SAMPLING AND SAMPLING DISTRIBUTIONS**

Describe sample design and sampling frame, bias, sampling and non-sampling errors,

sampling with and without replacement, probability and non-probability sampling,

Sampling distributions for single mean and proportion, Difference of means and

proportions. Exercises.

Explain Fundamentals of reading and understanding research methods, design, and statistics.

Biostatistics by Wayne W. Daniel; Chad L. Cross

Call Number: 519.5 DAN

ISBN: 9781118302798

Publication Date: 2013-01-09

Biostatistical analysis by Zar, Jerrold H.

Call Number: 570.15195 ZAR

ISBN: 9789332536678

Publication Date: 2016