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Macronutrients in Human Nutrition: Course Outline

course code: BSMA613

Learning Outcomes

1. To abreast knowledge about the normal nutrient metabolism in healthy human 

2. To understand interactions between the intake, absorption, transport, processing, storage, catabolism and excretion of nutrients and the regulation of metabolic homeostasis in the intact organism


Carbohydrates: nature, structures; Classification and functions of carbohydrates: monosaccharaides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharaides; Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates: glycolitic pathway, glycolysis, glycogenesis, glycogen catabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle and pentose phosphate pathway; Biosynthesis of carbohydrates: gluconeogenesis; Regulation of carbohydrate metabolism pathways; CHO metabolism in diabetes; Proteins: structural features, characteristics, functions; Amino acids: biosynthesis and degradation, food sources (on the basis of their functions in human body);. Digestion and absorption; Metabolic fates of amino acids: deamination, transamination, Urea cycle, Ketogenic amino acids, Glucogenic amino acids, Protein metabolism in liver and kidney diseases, Protein energy malnutrition; Lipids nature, classification; Fatty acids: saturated, unsaturated, polysaturated, glycerol, cholesterol, sterol; Lipoprotein systems (blood lipids); Fats biosynthesis: lipids, phospholipids and sphingolipids; Lipid biosynthesis: cholesterol, sterol; Lipid oxidation; Essential fatty acids: sources, health benefits; Adipose tissues; Digestion, absorption, metabolism and transportation of lipids; Oxidation of fatty acids (beta oxidation); Ketone bodies.

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