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Computer Communication And Networks: Course Outline

Course Outline

1. Course Objectives, Pre-requisite, Grading Policy, Recommended Books, Some Terminology, Communication Model, Communication Tasks, Reason for Establishing Networks, Types of Links in Network, Types of Transmission, Unicast, Multicast, Broadcast, Metcalf's Law, Internet Connectivity through ISP, Structure of Internet, WWW vs. Internet, Clients and Servers in Network.

2. Categories of Networks, Network Coverage Area, Personal Area Network (PAN), Body Area Network (BAN), Local Area Network (LAN), LAN Topologies, Wired LANs, Star Topology, Bus Topology, Ring Topology, Hybrid Tree Topology, Mesh Topology, Wireless LANs, Devices in Wireless LANs, Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANET), Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANET)

3. Metropolitan Area Network (MAN), Wireless MAN, Cellular Network, GSM/GPRS Network, Wide Area Network, WAN Architecture, Circuit Switching, Packet Switching, Hierarchy of Network Devices, Access Network, Distribution Network, Core Network.

4. Networking Protocols, Protocols vs. Standards, Protocol Models, Protocol Architecture, OSI Reference Model, Layers and their Headers, Application Layer, Presentation Layer, Session Layer, Transport Layer, Network Layer, Data Link Layer, Physical Layer

5. Hop-to-Hop Delivery, Source-to-Destination Delivery, Process-to-Process Delivery, TCP/IP Protocol Suite, Communication with TCP/IP, Devices in Protocol Stack, Addressing at different Layers, Encapsulation and Protocol Headers, Data Naming Convention at different Layers, Other Protocol Types, Standards Organizations.

6. IEEE 802.3 Ethernet, LAN Standards, Scope of LAN Technologies, Data Link Layer, Media Access Control, Multiple Access Protocols, Bus/Star Configuration, Ethernet Transmission, Working in Hub, Collision Domain in Hub, Working in Switch, Collision Domain in Switch

7. Ethernet Card, MAC Address, ipconfig/all command, MAC Header, Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD), Binary Exponential Backoff (BEB), Evolution of Ethernet, Ethernet Bridge, Typical Configuration of Ethernet in Enterprise Network, Ethernet in Integrated Devices.

Course Outline

8. Internet Protocol (IP), Router connecting different Networks, Functionality of IP, Physical vs. Logical Topology, TCP/IP Protocol Stack revisited, IPv4 Header, IP Addresses, Typical IP Configuration, Dotted-Decimal Notation.

9. IPv4 Address Classes, Special IP Addresses, Subnetting, Global Uniqueness of IP Addresses, Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), Depletion of IPv4 Addresses, Obtaining Global IP Address, Network Address Translation (NAT/NAPT), Static vs. Dynamic NAT, IP Address Evolution, IPv6 Address Structure, IPv6 Packet Structure.

10. Routing and Forwarding Functions, Routing Table, Forwarding in Local Network, Forwarding on Other Network, Forwarding Examples, Trace Route Command, Routing Schemes, Table Driven Routing, Static Routing, Dynamic Routing.

11. Distance Vector Protocols, Link State Protocols, Internet Routing, Autonomous System, Interior Routing Protocols, Exterior Routing Protocols, Examples of Distance Vector Routing, Examples of Link State Routing, Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), Dijkstra Algorithm, Source Routing, Flooding.

12. IP Address Assignment, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, DHCP Message Exchange, DHCPv6, Address Resolution Protocol, arp command, ARP messages, Internet Control Message Protocol, ICMP messages, ping command.

13. Scope of different Layers, Transport Layer, Logical Port Numbers, Well-Known Ports, Transport Layer Services, Application Multiplexing, Connectionless service, Connection oriented service, User Datagram Protocol, Transmission Control Protocol, TCP Connection.

14. Servers at Application Layer, Domain Name System (DNS), Fully Qualified Domain Names (FQDN), Top Level Domains (TLD), Country Codes, Naming Hierarchy, Name Resolution, ipconfig/displaydns command

15. Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, HTTP Messages, HTTP Example, Getting HTML Page via HTTP, Web Servers