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Anatomy (MBBS): Course Outline

The branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts

Course Contents

ANATOMY

IA-: Introduction to
History and disciplines of Anatomy
Radiological, clinical and applied anatomy
Terms and planes of Gross anatomy
Developmental anatomy / embryology
Anatomical positions
IB- Overview of the skeletal system
Axial and appendicular skeleton
Definition and Classification of bones
Functions of bones
Parts of a young and adult bone
Ossification of bones
Blood supply of bone
Characteristics and classification of joints
Characteristics features of a synovial joint
Classification of synovial joints
Movements at different joints
IC- Introduction to the Muscular system
Classification of muscles
Structure of skeletal muscles
Parts of a typical skeletal muscle
Apo neurosis, tendons, bursae, ligaments and sheaths
Blood supply and nerve supply of muscles
ID- Introduction to the Nervous system
Classification of nervous system
II. GENERAL HISTOLOGY
Different types of microscopes
Parts of a light microscope
Structure of an animal cell
Different organelles and surface projections of a cell
Basic tissues
Epithelium, its classification with examples
Muscle tissue, its classification with examples
Connective tissue, and structure of various general connectivetissues
Nervous tissue
How to prepare a histology slide
How to perform Gram staining
Applied anatomy

Commonest clinical conditions related to each histological practical
III. GENERAL EMBRYOLOGY AND ASPECTS OF GENETICS4
Cell division and structure of DNA
Principles of cytogenetic
Structure of genes and relation to DNA
Terms used in embryology
Gametogenesis

4- Fertilization, cleavage and implantation of embryo
Molecular mechanisms involved in embryology
Development in 2nd and 3rd week of intrauterine life
Changes in embryo between 4th to 8th week
Derivatives of germinal layers
Overview of organogenesis from 3-9th month
Twinning and teratology
Applied Embryology
Genetic disorders, infertility, ectopic pregnancy, twinning, placental
abnormalities, abortion, anomalies of organogesis and foetal period,
artificial insemination, IVF, Common genetic malformations
Applied anatomy
· Congenital anomalies of brain and spinal cord
· Genes, transcription factors, growth factors and

5.Muscles, aponeuroses, sheaths, ligaments , retinacula

Blood supply
6.Lymphatic drainage
7.Nerve supply (sensory and motor) and nerve plexuses

8.Histological features of skeletal muscles

9.Microscopic structure of tendon, ligament and loose areolar

tissue, and osseous tissue

10.Histological structure of various types of cartilages
11.Applied anatomy Fractures of clavicle and other long bones, Colle‟s fracture, frozen
shoulder, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthiritis, dislocation of shoulder joint, and brachial plexus injuries
Lower limbs

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