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Oral Biology & Tooth Morphology: Course Outline

The subject of Oral Biology & Tooth Morphology deals with the detailed basic knowledge of early development, histology & morphological aspects of all the oral tissues.

Course Outline


  • General human development
  • The brachial apparatus
  • Development of face/tongue/thyroid gland
  • Development of nasomaxillary complex
  • Development of palate
  • Development of mandible and temporo mandibular joint
  • Development of para-nasal sinuses
  • Development of salivary glands
  • Tooth development and its associated structures
  • Development of cartilages and bones of facial skeleton
  • Introduction of clinical anomalies related with all the above topics
  • Introduction to Post natal facial growth.
  • Development of base of skull

Developmental Histology (structure) and Function

  • Bone/cartilage (specially jaws)
  • Alveolar bone
  • Periodontal ligament
  • Cementum
  • Tooth eruption and shedding
  • Oral mucous membrane
  • Dentine
  • Pulp
  • Enamel
  • Temporo-mandibular joint clinical consideration
  • Endogenous implants/changes during tooth movement/wound healing

Oral physiology

  • Immunology
  • Calcium metabolism and bone
  • The healing of bone fractures
  • Repair and regeneration of dental tissues
  • Histology and function of
  • Saliva and salivary glands
  • Taste and taste organs
  • Pain and pain pathway

Tooth morphology and occlusion

  • Introduction and nomenclature
  • Anatomic and physiologic consideration of form and function of orodento-facial structures
  • Brief study of comparative Oral Biology and Tooth Morphology

The Deciduous Dentition

  • Detail description of each primary tooth
  • The pulp cavities
  • The difference between deciduous and permanent teeth


  • Temporo-mandibular joint
  • Muscles of mastication and facial expression
  • Mastication and Swallowing
  • Occlusion at primary/mixed/adult dentition stages
  • Innervation and arterial supply of orofacial structures

Text Books