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General Anatomy, Histology & Embryology: Course Outline for BDS General Anatomy

Course Outline

General anatomy

  1. Brief history of anatomy
  2. Different disciplines of the subject
  3. Anatomical nomenclature-descriptive terms
  4. Skeletal system-bones
  • Axial Skeleton
  • Appendicular Skeleton
  • Functions of bone
  • Classification on the basis of shape, development, region and structure
  • General concepts of development & ossification of bones
  • Parts of young bones
  • Blood supply of long bones
  • Applied Anatomy of bones
  1. Joints
  • Structural classification
  • Regional classification
  • Functional classification
  • Characteristics and classification of Synovial joints
  • Movements of Synovial joints
  • Anatomy of joints with reference to dislocation, sprain and inflammation
  1. Muscle
  • Parts of a muscle
  • Classification
  • Blood supply and nerve supply of muscle
  • Neuromusclular junction
  • Applied anatomy of muscle with reference to spasm, paralysis
  • atrophy and regeneration.
  1. Cardiovascular system
  • Introduction to C.V.S
  • Types of circulation
  • Anastomosis
  1. Introduction to Iymphatic system
  2. Lymph node
  3. Lymph capillary
  • Functions
  1. Nervous system
  • Introduction to CNS
  • Different parts of CNS with their brief functions
  • Peripheral nervous system (cranial and spinal nerves)- introduction
  1. Autonomic nervous system
  • Introduction to parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system
  1. Skin and fascia
  • Skin, superficial and deep fascia, introduction
  1. Techniques to study anatomy
  • Introduction to radiographs
  • Radio opaque media
  • Special X-Ray techniques like Barium Meal, Angiography
  • Ultrasound, C.T.Scan and MRI

Text Books

Reference Book