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The objective of this course is to present the basic concepts needed to understand the crystal structure of materials. Fundamental concepts including lattices, symmetries, point groups, and space groups will be discussed.

Course Description

The goal of the course is to prepare students to independently operate diffractometers and carry out X-ray structure determinations for their Ph.D. or M.S. theses. No prior knowledge of crystallography is required. The theory portion of the course (lecture) will introduce principles of diffraction, point and space group symmetry, reciprocal space, data reduction and absorption corrections, direct and Patterson methods for structure solution, structure refinement, visualization and interpretation, as well as advanced topics such as absolute structure determination, disorder, non-crystallographic symmetry, twinning, and phase transitions


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Muhammad Arif Raza
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Riphah International University
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