Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
- Wheelchair mobility
- Mobilizing with power wheelchairs
- Mobilizing with manual wheelchairs
- Providing assistance for people in manual wheelchairs
- Hand function of people with Tetraplegia
- Loss of Hand function and principles of therapy
- Tenodesis grip
- Reconstructive surgery and electrical stimulation
- Standing and walking with lower limb paralysis
- Standing for therapeutic purposes
- Walking with thoracic paraplegia
- Walking with partial paralysis of the lower limbs
- Electrical stimulation
- Training motor tasks
- Motor control and motor learning
- Principles of effective motor task training
- Treadmill training with body weight support.
- A way of providing intensive practice
- Strength training
- Assessment of strength
- Neurally intact muscles
- Strength training for partially paralysed muscles
- Avoiding injury and other complications
- Strength training for general well-being
- The students will have knowledge about the different condition at different level of spinal cord injury.
- The students will be able to understand the proper treatment protocol for different conditions in spinal cord injury.
- The students will be able to understand the different concepts of neuro rehabilitation approaches and their clinical implementations.
The students will be able to understand the different neuro rehabilitation approaches and their role in clinical settings
Classification Spinal Cord Injury
||ASIA Impairment Scale for classifying spinal cord injury
||No muscle contraction
||Complete injury. No motor or sensory function is preserved in the sacral segments S4 or S5.
||Sensory incomplete. Sensory but not motor function is preserved below the level of injury, including the sacral segments.
||Full range of motion with gravity eliminated
||Motor incomplete. Motor function is preserved below the level of injury, and more than half of muscles tested below the level of injury have a muscle grade less than 3 (see muscle strength scores table).
||Full range of motion against gravity
||Motor incomplete. Motor function is preserved below the level of injury and at least half of the key muscles below the neurological level have a muscle grade of 3 or more.
||Full range of motion against resistance
||Normal. No motor or sensory deficits, but deficits existed in the past.
- Background information
- Motor, sensory and autonomic pathways
- The ASIA assessment of neurological deficit
- Common patterns of neurological loss with incomplete lesions
- Upper and lower motor neuron lesions
- Impairments associated with spinal cord injury
- Skin management
- Psychological well-being
- Spinal cord injury and traumatic brain injury
- Aging with spinal cord injury
- A framework for physiotherapy
- Assessing impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions
- Step two: setting goals
- Step three: identifying key impairments
- Step four: identifying and administering treatments
- Step five: measuring outcomes
- Physiotherapy as part of the multi-disciplinary team
- Transfers and bed mobility of people with lower limb paralysis
- Sitting unsupported
- Lying to long sitting
- Vertical lift
- Vertical transfers
- Other factors which influence the ability to perform mobility tasks
- Contracture management
- Treatment and prevention of contractures
- Preventing and anticipating contractures
- Prioritizing treatments: a touch of reality
- Reducing muscle extensibility
- Pain management
- Neuropathic pain
- Nociceptive pain
- Role of psychosocial factors in chronic pain
- Respiratory management
- The direct and indirect effects of respiratory muscle weakness
- Respiratory complications in the period immediately after injury
- Assessment of respiratory function
- Treatment options
- Ventilation for patients with C1–C3 tetraplegia
- Cardiovascular fitness training
- Assessment of cardiovascular fitness
- The response of people with spinal cord injury to exercise
- Exercise prescription
- Exercise in the community.
- Wheelchair seating
- Wheelchair cushions
- Manual wheelchairs
- Power wheelchairs
- Evidence-based physiotherapy
- COVS outcome measurement scale
Rehabilitation in spinal cord injury
SCI patients often require extended treatment in specialized spinal unit or an intensive care unit. The rehabilitation process typically begins in the acute care setting. Usually the inpatient phase lasts 8–12 weeks and then the outpatient rehabilitation phase lasts 3–12 months after that, followed by yearly medical and functional evaluation. Physical therapists, occupational therapists, recreational therapists, nurses, social workers, psychologists and other health care professionals work as a team under the coordination of a physiatrist to decide on goals with the patient and develop a plan of discharge that is appropriate for the person’s condition.