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Pharmacognosy: Course Outline (418-IB)

Pharmacognosy is a branch of pharmaceutical sciences which focuses on drugs of herbal and natural origin. Although pharmacognosy mostly deals with medicinal herbs, some animal products and bacterial products are also discussed in it.

Course Outline

Drugs of animal origin

  • General introduction and discussion about honey
  • Gelatin
  • Shellac
  • Musk
  • Civet
  • Ambergris
  • Cod liver oil
  • Cantharides
  • Spermaceti


  • Sources
  • Structure
  • Preparation
  • Description and uses of vaccines
  • Toxins
  • Antitoxins
  • Venoms
  • Antivenoms
  • Antiserums

Surgical dressings

  • Classification of fibers as vegetable
  • Animals and synthetic fibers
  • Evaluation of fibers in surgical dressings
  • BPC standards for dressings and sutures
  • Discussion on cotton
  • Wool
  • Cellulose
  • Rayon
  • Catgut
  • Nylon


  • Introduction
  • Methods and control of pests with special reference to pyrethrum
  • Tobacco and other natural pesticides

Growth regulators

  • General account with special reference to plant hormones
  • Auxins
  • Gibberellins
  • Abscisic acid
  • Cytokinins​

Poisonous plants including allergens and allergenic preparations

  • General introduction
  • Case history
  • Kin test
  • Treatment of allergy
  • Inhalant
  • Ingestant
  • Injectant​
  • Contactant
  • Cnfectant and infestant allergens
  • Mechanism of allergy


  • Enzymes obtained from plant source (Phytoenzymes)
  • Papain
  • Bromelain and malt extract
  • Enzymes obtained from animal source
  • Rennin
  • Pepsin
  • Pancreatin and pancrealipase 

Text Books


Relevant Books